The country which is officially called the “Republic of Uganda”, is located in East Africa. It is boarded by Kenya in the east, Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, Rwanda in the southwest and Tanzania in the south. Uganda total land area is 241,559sqkm and about 37,000sqkm of the area is occupied by open water while the rest is land. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, which it shares with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is located on the East African plateau, averaging about 1,100 meters (3,600ft) above the sea level. The plateau generally slopes downwards towards Sudan explaining the northerly tendency of most river flows in the country. Although generally equatorial, the climate is not uniform since the altitude modifies the climate. Uganda’s elevation, soil types and predominately warm and wet climate impact a huge agricultural potential to the country. They also explain the country’s large variety of forests, grasslands and wildlife reserves. Uganda has a total population of about 34.9 million people
• Population: Uganda’s population has continued to grow rapidly over time. In 2014, Uganda is a home to 34.9 million people, with the average age being only 15 years; the country has a very young population, even the youngest in the world. Majorities live in rural areas and directly survive off the environment and natural resource base.
• The Ethnic groups include; Baganda, Banyankole, Bahima, Bakiga, Banyarwanda, Bunyoro, Batoro, Langi, Acholi, Lugbara, Karamojong, Basoga, Bagisu and others. The Baganda are the largest ethnic group in Uganda.
• The official language in Uganda is English, but unfortunately due to a lack of good education the language is hadly or not spoken in rural areas. Luganda is one of the most spoken other language, and in the western region is lukiga and luyankole language.
Uganda weather conditions are ideal, ranging from the warmth of the lowland area to the coolness of the highlands in the south west kigezi.
For most of the years, Uganda is sunny with temperatures rarely rising above 29 degrees. The average temperature is about 26 degrees C., with a maximum of 18-31 degrees and minimum of 15-23 degrees depending on the part of the country.
The rain season is March-May; light rain season is November and December. Wet season are March-May and October-November; Dry seasons are December to February and June to August.
Rainfall ranges between 500mm to 2500mm and relative humidity is 70-100%. The rainfall regime allows two planting and harvesting seasons a year in most parts of the country, without the use of Irrigation.
About 34% of the country is covered in wetlands with a dense network of rivers, lakes and swamps. Generally, the country is endowed with fertile soils. Uganda has some of the largest lakes on the continent including Lake Albert and Lake Victoria.
Wondering why it is called “The Pearl of Africa”? where else can you see lions prowling a cross the open savanna as day breaks before while water rafting down the Nile; then the next day set off into the misty mountains in search of the majestic mountain gorillas before settling into watch a local cultural evening around the camp fire.
Uganda has emerged the world’s 26 best travel destination 2018.